Physical ability tests typically use tasks or exercises that require physical ability to perform. These tests typically measure physical attributes and capabilities, such as strength, balance, and speed.
Advantages of Physical Ability Tests
- Have been demonstrated to produce valid inferences regarding the performance of physically demanding tasks.
- Can identify applicants who are physically unable to perform essential job functions.
- Can reduce business costs by identifying individuals for hiring, promotion or training who possess the needed skills and abilities, by minimizing the risk of physical injury to employees and others on the job, and by decreasing disability/medical, insurance, and workers compensation costs.
- Will not be influenced by test taker attempts to impression manage or fake responses.
Disadvantages of Physical Ability Tests
- Are typically more likely to differ in results by gender than other types of tests.
- Maybe problematic for use in employee selection if the test is one used to diagnose medical conditions (i.e., a physical disability) rather than simply to assess the ability to perform a particular job-related task.
- Can be expensive to purchase equipment and administer.
- Maybe time-consuming to administer.
- May be inappropriate or difficult to administer in typical employment offices.