Job Knowledge Tests (Employment Testing)

Job knowledge tests typically use multiple choice questions or essay type items to evaluate technical or professional expertise and knowledge required for specific jobs or professions.  Examples of job knowledge tests include tests of basic accounting principles, A+/Net+ programming, and blueprint reading.

Advantages of Job Knowledge Tests

  1.  Have been demonstrated to produce valid inferences for a number of organizational outcomes, such as job performance.
  2.  Can reduce business costs by identifying individuals for hiring, promotion or training who possess the needed skills and abilities.
  3.  Are typically less likely to differ in results by gender and race than other types of tests.
  4.  May be viewed positively by test takers who see the close relationship between the test and the job.
  5.  Will not be influenced by test taker attempts to impression manage or fake responses.
  6.  Can provide useful feedback to test takers regarding needed training and development.

Disadvantages of Job Knowledge Tests

  1.  May require frequent updates to ensure the test is current with the job.
  2.  May be inappropriate for jobs where knowledge may be obtained via a short training period.
  3.  Can be costly and time-consuming to develop, unless purchased off-the-shelf.

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