Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. It is the willingness of individuals to help each other.
Co-ordination is an effort to integrate effectively energies of different groups whereas co-operation is sort to achieve general objectives of business.
Though these two are synonymous but they are different as below:
Differences between Co-ordination and Co-operation
|Meaning||It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts in pursuit of common goals.||It means mutual help willingly.|
|Scope||It is broader than co-operation which includes as well because it harmonizes the group efforts.||It is termed as a part of co-ordination.|
|Process||The function of co-ordination is performed by top management.||The functions of co-operation are prepared by persons at any level.|
|Requirements||Co-ordination is required by employees and departments at work irrespective of their work.||Co-operation is emotional in nature because it depends on the willingness of people working together.|
|Relationship||It establishes formal and informal relationships.||It establishes informal relationship.|
|Freedom||It is planned and entrusted by the central authority & it is essential.||It depends upon the sweet will of the individuals and therefore it is not necessary.|
|Support||It seeks wholehearted support from various people working at various levels.||Co-operation without co-ordination is fruitless & therefore it may lead to unbalanced developments.|
Therefore, existence of co-operation may prove to be effective condition or requisite for co-ordination. But it does not mean that co-ordination originates automatically from the voluntary efforts of the group of members. It has to be achieved through conscious & deliberate efforts of managers, therefore to conclude we can say that co-operation without co-ordination has no fruit and co-ordination without co-operation has no root.